Before we can begin to perform Salah, we must first prepare ourselves. This preparation includes making sure that we are clean from physical impurity, and this is done by carrying out Wudu. Wudu is the minor purification. The major form of purification is called Ghusl. If water is not available, the purification can be performed with clean earth or soil, and is called Tayammum.
Wudu (Ablution) is essential for performing Salah. We cannot offer our Salah without first making Wudu. These are the steps to take:
Click here to download .PPT file for how to make wudu.
HOW TO MAKE WUDU
|| Make Niyyah. Start by saying:
بِسمَ اللَّهِ الرَّحمَن الرَّحِيم
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
(In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Kind)
||Then wash both hands up to the wrists (starting with the right hand) three times making sure that water has reached between the fingers.|
|3||Put a handful of water into your mouth and rinse it thoroughly three times.|
||Sniff water into your nostrils three times to clean them and blow it out, washing the tip of the nose.|
|5||Wash your face three times from right ear to left ear and from forehead to throat.|
Wash your right arm and then your left arm thoroughly from wrist up to elbow three times.
|7||Then move the wet palms lightly over the head, starting at the top of forehead to the back of the head, and then bringing them back to the forehead again.|
|8||Clean the ears. Pass the wet tips of index fingers into the grooves and holes of both ears and also pass the wet thumbs behind the ears. From bottom of the ear upwards.|
||Pass the back of the wet hands over the nape of the neck.|
||Finally, wash both feet to the ankles three times starting from the right, making sure that water has reached between the toes and all other parts of the feet.|
At the end of the above steps recite:
Ash-hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muammadan 'abduhu wa rasuluh.
(I testify that there is no god but Allah and He is One and has no partner and I also testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger).
[Muslim 1:209, Abu Dawud, an-Nisai, Tarteeb Shareef pg. 469]
Allahummaj 'alni min at-tawwabeen waj'alni min al-mutatahhireen
(O Allah! Make me one of those who repent and make me one of those who are clean.)
Subhanaka Allahumma wa bi hamdika, ashhadu an la ilaha ill anta, astaghfiruka wa atubu ilaiyk.
(Glory be to You, O Allah, and Praise; I bear witness that there is no god but You, I seek Your forgiveness and I repent to You.)
[Sunan an-Nasa'i, 'Amal al-Yawm wal-Lailah]
During wudu, you can recite this dua:
Allahummaghfirli dhanbi, wa wassi’li fee daari, wa barik lee fi rizqi
(O Allah! Forgive my sins, grant me expansion in my home and bless my livelihood.)
Fards in Wudu:
1. To wash the face once
2. To wash the two arms together with the elbows once.
3. To apply masah (wiping of head with wet hands) on the one-fourth of the head, that is, to rub a wet hand softly on it.
4. Washing both feet, together with the ankles once.
‘How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You. I bear witness that none
has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek Your forgiveness and
turn to You in repentance.’
1. Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) say, 'On the Day of Rising my community will be called 'those with white blazes on their foreheads and limbs' from the effects of wudu'. So whoever of you can increase the extent of the whiteness, should do so.'"
2. Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) said, "I heard my friend (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) say, 'The adornment of the believer reaches the places his wudu' reaches."
3. Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, "Shall I direct you to something by which Allah will wipe out errors and raise degrees?' They said, "Yes please, Messenger of Allah." He said, "Doing thorough wudu in adverse circumstances, taking a lot of steps to the mosques and waiting for one prayer after another prayer. That is what you should hold to. That is what you should hold to."
[Muslim 1/151 and others]
4. Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, "When the Muslim - or believing - slave does wudu' and washes his face, every wrong thing at which his eyes have looked leaves with the water - or with the last drop of water. When he washes his hands, every wrong thing which his hands have touched leaves with the water - or with the last drop of water. When he washes his feet. every wrong thing to which his feet have walked leaves with the water – or with the last drop of water, until he emerges cleansed of sins."
[Muslim 1/148 and others]
5. Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) came to the graveyard and said, 'Peace be upon you, abode of a believing people. Allah willing, we will join you. I wish that we could see our brothers.' They said, 'Are we not your brothers, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'You are my Companions. My brothers are those who have not yet come.' They said, 'How can you know someone of your community who has not yet come, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'Do you not think that if a man had horses with white blazes which were among dark black horses, that he would recognise his horses?' They said, 'Yes indeed. Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'They will come with white blazes from wudu' and I will precede them to the Basin.'"
6. Abu Umamah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, When a Muslim makes wudu the sins he has committed come away from his hearing and from his sight and from his hand and from his feet, so when he sits he sits down having been forgiven.
[Ahmad 5/252 - hasan]
7. Abu Malik al-Ash'ari (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, Purification is half of Iman (belief). And 'alhamdulillah' fills the Scales. And 'subhanAllah' and 'alhamdulillah' fill whatever is between the heaven and the earth. And Prayer is a light. And Sadaqah is a clear proof. And Sabr (patience) is a shining light. And the Qur'an is a proof for or against you. Every person starts the day dealing for his own soul so he either sets it free or destroys it.
[Muslim 1/140 and others]
8. Uthman ibn Affan (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, "Anyone who does wudu and does it well, his mistakes leave his body, even from under his nails."
[Muslim 3/133 and others]
9. Uthman ibn Affan (رضي الله عنه) said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) do wudu like I am doing wudu now. Then he said, 'Anyone who does wudu' like that, will be forgiven his previous wrong actions, and his prayer and his walking to the mosque are an added bonus.'"
10. Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, When one of you makes wudu and makes it well, then goes out to the mosque - having no purpose except Prayer - then his left foot continues to wipe away his evil deeds and his right foot continually writes for him good deeds until he enters the mosque. And if the people knew what there was in the night prayer and Subh prayers - then they would come to them even if they had to crawl.
[Reported by at-Tabrani in 'al-Mu'jam ul-Kabeer'. Its meaning is reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim from the narration of Abu Hurairah]
11. Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, Whoever makes wudu and makes it well then goes out - and then finds that the people have finished the Prayer - then Allah gives him the same reward as one who had prayed it along with the people without diminishing any of their reward.
[Abu Dawud #564 and an-Nasa'i #856 and others]
12. Zaid ibn Khalid al Juhani (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, Whoever makes wudu and makes it well, then prays two rak'ahs not letting his mind wander in them - then Allah forgives him all of his previous sins.
[Abu Dawud #905 and others]
13. Uqbah ibn Amir (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, Whoever makes wudu and makes it well, then prays two rak'ahs concentrating therein with his heart and his face - then Paradise is obligatory for him.
14. Uthman ibn Affan (رضي الله عنه) reported that he heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) say Whoever makes wudu for Prayer and completes the wudu - then walks to the obligatory Prayer and prays it with the people - or with the congregation - or in the mosque - then Allah forgives his sins.
[Muslim 1/144 and others]
15. Ali (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, Completing the wudu when it is a hardship, and walking to the mosque, and waiting for the next prayer after the previous one (greatly) washes away the sins.
[al-Hakim 1/132 - Sahih]
16. Humran ibn Aban relates that Uthman ibn Affan (رضي الله عنه) asked for water to make wudu - then he mentioned how the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) made wudu. Then he said: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said at the end of the hadith Whoever makes wudu in the same way that I have just made wudu then stands up and prays two rak'ahs, not thinking of other things, then his previous sins are forgiven.
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Fath ul-Bari, 11/213, Muslim #226 and an-Nasa'i 1/63]
17. Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said, "No one among you does wudu and does wudu thoroughly – or adequately - and then testifies, 'There is no god but Allah Alone with no partner and I testify that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger' without the eight doors of the Garden being opened to him so that he can enter by whichever of them he wishes."
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‘How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance.’