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In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, the most Merciful

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1. How to make Wudhu
2. Nullifiers of Wudhu
3. How to Pray?
4. Nullifiers of Salah
5. Adhaan
6. Iqamah

How to perform Salah

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1. Make Niyyah (intention) for Salah in your heart

Make Niyyah. Say to yourself that you intend to offer this Salah (Fajr, Duhr, Asr, Maghrib or Isha) Fard or Sunnah of (2,3,4) rakats.
2. Takbeer Tahreema: Then raise your hands to your ears (ladies lift their hands up to their shoulders) and say:

(Listen) اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great
3. Thana in Qiyam

Now place your right hand on the left, just below, above or on the navel (ladies placing their hands on their chest), and say:

(Listen) سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ

(Listen) وَبِحَمْدِكَ

(Listen) وَتَبَارَكَاسْمُكَ

(Listen) وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ

(Listen)  وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

Subhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdika wa tabaara kasmuk wa Ta'ala jadduk wa la ilaha ghairuk

Glory be to You, O Allah, and Yours is the praise and blessed is your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty, and there is no god besides You.

4. Al Fatiha in Qiyam

Now recite the opening Surah Al-Fatiha: with Ta'uuz and tasmiyah

(Listen)  أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

(Listen)  بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 اَلْحَمْدُ ِللهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ

 الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

 إيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

 اِهْدِنَا الصِّراطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ

 غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّيِنَ

(Listen complete sura Al Fatiha)

A'udhu Billahi Min ash-Shaitan ir-Rajeem
Bismillahir ramanir raheem

1. Alhamdu lillahi rabbil 'alameen
2. Ar-Rahmaanir raheem
3. Maliki yawmid deen
4. Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'een
5. Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem
6. siratal ladhina an'amta 'alaihim
7. ghairil maghdubi 'alaihim wa lad-dalleen

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan.
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful.

1. All Praise and thanks are Allah's, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).
2. The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
3. The only owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).
4. You (Alone) we worship, and You (alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).
5. Guide us to the Straight Way
6. The way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace,
7. not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.

5. Add another Surah in Qiyam

Now recite the following or any other passage from the Qur'an:

 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

 قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ اَحَدٌ

 اَللهُ الصَّمَدُ

 لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ

 وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُُفُواً اَحَدٌ

(Listen complete sura Al Ikhlass)

Bismillahir ramanir rahim
1. Qul hu Allahu Ahad.
2. Allahu Samad.
3. Lam yalid wa lam yuulad.
4. Wa lam yakul lahu kufuwan ahad.

In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
1. Say,(O Muhammad (Sawllallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)) "He is Allah, (the) One.
2. Allah-us-Samad,[ Allah- the Self Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need,( He neither eats nor driks)].
3. He begets not, nor was He begotten.
4. And there is none co-equal comparable to Him.

6. Ruku'

Now bow down saying:

(Listen)  اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great

Place both your hands on your knees and in this inclined position (Ruku as shown in the figure) recite these words three times:

(Listen)  سُـبْحَانَ رَبِّـَى الْعَظيِمِ

Subhana rabbi al adheem<

Glory to my Lord The Great.
7. Stand back from Ruku'

Then come to the standing position saying:

(Listen) سَمِـعَ اللهُ لِمَـنْحَمِـدَهْ

(Listen)  رَبَّنـا وَلَكَ الحَمْـدْ

Sami' Allahu liman hamida. Rabbana lakal hamd.

Allah has heard all who praise Him. Our Lord, for You is all praise.
8. First Sajdah

Now, while saying "Allahu Akbar", prostrate on the ground. Position yourself so that your forehead, knees, nose and palms of both hands are all touching the ground. Toes should be bent forwards, pointing towards the Qiblah. Elbows should also not touch the ground.

(Listen)  اللّهُ أكبر

Allahu akbar

God is Great

In this position, repeat these words three times at least:

(Listen) سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى

Subhana rabbi- al 'ala

Glory to my Lord The Most High.
9. Sitting (Jalsah) in between two Sujuud

 اللّهُ أكبر (Listen)

Allahu akbar
God is Great

When you sit, tuck your left foot under your right foot, bent towards the right; make sure that it is vertical to the mat with the toes touching the mat. The palms should be lifted from the mat and placed on the knees. Left hand on left knee, and right hand on right knee (as shown in the figure)

Rest for a moment in this position. and say: Rabbig fir lee, meaning "O Allah, forgive me"

Then go down into the second Sajdah, saying:

 اللّهُ أكبر (Listen)

Allahu akbar

God is Great
10. Second Sajdah

In the second Sajdah, as before, recite the following words three times:

سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى (Listen)

Subhana rabbi- al 'ala
Glory to my Lord The Most High.

Raise your head again, and sit upright with knees still on the ground, saying:

This completes one rakat of Salah.

The second rakat is said in the same way, except that after the second Sajdah (as above), you sit back and don't get up again.

11. Tashahhud in Jalsah

In this (jalsah) position, silently say these words (Tashahhud):

(Listen)  التَّحِيّـاتُ للهِ 

(Listen) وَالصَّلَـواتُ 

(Listen) ،والطَّيِّـبات 

(Listen)  السَّلامُ عَلَيـكَ 

(Listen)  أَيُّهـا النَّبِـيُّ 

(Listen)  وَرَحْمَـةُ اللهِ 

(Listen) ،وَبَرَكـاتُه 

(Listen)  السَّلامُ عَلَيْـنا 

(Listen)  ،وَعَلـى عِبـادِ كَ الصَّـالِحـين 

(Listen)  أَشْـهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلـهَ إِلاّ الله 

(Listen)  وَأَشْـهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمّـداً 

(Listen)  عَبْـدُهُ وَرَسـولُه 

At tahiyyatu lillahi was-salawatu wat-tayyibatu,
as-salamu'alaika ayyuhan-Nabbiy wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.
As-salamu 'alaina wa 'ala' ibadil-lahis salihin.
Ash hadu an-la Ilaha illAllahu Wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasulu.

Meaning:  Our salutations, our prayers and all pure things are for Allah. Salutation to you, O Prophet and Mercy and Blessing of Allah. Peace be on us and on all pious servants of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the servant and messenger of Allah.

When you reach the point of giving testimony (when you say "La illaha ilAllahu" (I testify that there is no god but Allah), raise the index finger of the right hand. Drop it back down again upon reaching "ilAllahu" (but Allah).

In a three rakat (like Maghrib) or four rakat (like Duhr, Asr and Isha) salah you stand up for the remaining rakat(s) after Tashahhud. No other Surah should be read after surah Fatiha in the third and fourth Rak'ahs of any fard salah.

12. Salawaat in final Jalsah

On the other had if it is a two rakat (like Fajr) salah, keep sitting and after reciting tashahhud, you recite Durud, blessing upon Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasalam):

(Listen) اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ 

(Listen) ،وَ عَلَى آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ 

(Listen) ،كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيم 

(Listen) ،وَ عَلَى آلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ 

(Listen) إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، 

(Listen) اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ 

(Listen) ،وَ عَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ 

(Listen) كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إئبْرَاهِيمَ 

(Listen) ،وَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهَيمَ 

(Listen) إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ 

Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa 'ala 'aali Muhammadin,
kama salaiyta 'ala Ibrahima wa 'ala 'aali Ibrahima
innaka Hamidun Majeed.
Allahumma barik 'ala Muhammadin wa 'ala ali Muhammadin,
kama sallaiyta 'ala Ibrahima wa 'ala ali Ibrahima,
innaka Hamidun Majeed.

O Allah! Let Your Blessings come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You Blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are the Pariseworthy Glorious.
O Allah! Confer Your Blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You conferred blessings on Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are the Praiseworthy, Glorious.

14. Dua Mathura in final Jalsah

After this, say any du'a from the following:

Dua Mathura #1

(Listen) اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي ظَلَـمْتُ نَفْسـي 

(Listen) ،ظُلْمـاً كَثـيراً 

(Listen) وَإِنَّهُلا يَغْـفِرُ الذُّنـوبَ إِلاّ أَنْت 

(Listen) ،فَاغْـفِر لي مَغْـفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْـدِك 

(Listen) وَارْحَمْـني 

(Listen) إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الغَـفورُ الرَّحـيم 

Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran, wa la yaghfirudh-dhunuba illa Anta, faghfir li maghfiratan min 'indika, warhamni, innaka Antal Ghafur-ur Rahim

O Allah! I have considerably wronged myself. There is none to forgive the sins but You. So grant me pardon and have mercy on me. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Compassionate.
[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Dua Mathura #2

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةِ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي 

رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَاء 

رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ 

Rabbij'alni muqimas-salati wamin dhur-riyyati. Rabbana wa taqabbal du'a. Rabban aghfirli wali-walidayya wal-lil-mu'minina yauma yaqumul hisab.
O Lord! Make me and my children steadfast in prayer. Our Lord! Accept the prayer. Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents and the believers on the day of judgement.
[Surah Ibrahim, 14: 40-41]

Dua Mathura #3

اَللَّهُـمَّ إِنيِّ أَعوُذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذاَبِ جَهَنَّمَ، 

وَمِنْ عَذاَبِ الْقَبْرِ  

وَمِنْ فِتْـنَةِ الْمَحْياَ وَالْمَماَتِ  

وَمِنْ فِتْـنَةِ الْمَسيِحِ الدَّجاَّلِ  

Allahumma inni a'udhu bika min 'adhabi jahannam, wa min 'adhabil-qabr, wa min fitnatil-mahya wal-mamat, wa min fitnatil-masihid-Dajjal.

O God! I seek Your protection from the torture of hell, and I seek Your protection from the torture of the grave, and I seek refuge with You from the mischief of life and death, and I seek Your protection from the mischief of Dajjal pretending as Messiah.
[Muslim, 588]

15. Salam
Now turn your face to the right and say:

(Listen) اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ 

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah
Peace be on you and mercy of Allah.

Turn face to right Then turn your face to the left, and repeat, saying:

(Listen) اَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ 

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah

Peace be on you and mercy of Allah.

Turn face to left
After reciting the above, Salah is complete.


The following writing is translated from Durr-ul-mukhtar:

Things that nullify salah are called mufsids. A worship being fasid or batil is the same; it means it is broken, nullified. In muamalat these are not the same. The following are the thirty-one mufsids of salah:

1 - To talk. Even one word nullifies salah. It always nullifies salah no matter whether it is said intentionally or inadvertently or by force or by forgetting.

2 - Without a good excuse, coughing through the throat nullifies salah.

3 - To say prayers in salah that do not exist in Quran or Hadith.

4 - To moan or to say "Ouch!" etc. nullifies salah.

5 - To say, "Ugh!" in order to express annoyance nullifies salah.

6 - Crying for reasons such as a pain or sorrow nullifies salah. If you weep silently or cry loudly because of the thought of Paradise and Hell, salah does not become nullified. If a sick person cannot help saying "Ouch, ugh!" or crying, salah does not become nullified.

7 - It nullifies salah to say "Yarhamukallah" to a person who sneezes and says, "Al- hamdulillah."

8 - To say, "Inna lillah wa...," upon hearing bad news nullifies salah.

9 - To correct the mistake of anyone except the imam you follow nullifies salah.

10 - Even if a little, or by forgetting, eating or drinking by placing something in the mouth nullifies salah.

11 - Extra movements that are not parts of salah nullify salah.

12 - To stand and to make the sajda at a impure place nullifies salah.

13 - Turning your chest away from the qibla without a good excuse breaks salah immediately.

14 - If a person omits one pillars of salah and does not perform it during the salah, his salah becomes nullified.

15 - If a person begins and finishes a rukn before the imam begins it, his salah becomes nullified.

16 - If saying the ayats melodiously changes the meaning, it nullifies salah.

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Duaa at end of gathering

‘How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance.’